High Altitude Sickness

High Altitude Sickness (Acute Mountain Sickness)

High Altitude Sickness is a sickness that appears as you are in the thin air region. The symptoms can appear from 2700 meters upwards. Where the oxygen level is low, the problem can get adverse. People can have different symptoms as a cause of acute mountain sickness. Severe cases of AMS may lead you to HAPE (High Altitude Pulmonary Edema) or HACE (High Altitude Cerebral Edema).

While trekking in the high altitude, trekkers breath faster. Sometimes they feel dizziness, dehydration, swelling and others, it is obvious that high altitude symptoms is occurring. Thus, to avoid it, sufficient acclimatization is required, which is the best way to avoid mountain sickness.

Some common symptoms of high altitude sickness:

  • Severe headache
  • Constant vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling tired
  • Spit blood in saliva
  • Insomnia or oversleeping
  • Continual cough
  • Rapid pulse

On the higher level of acute mountain sickness, symptoms as Blue colour of the skin, Chest tightness or congestion, Consufion, Gray or pale complexion and other can be found.

Prevention or Cure

  • First and foremost: acclimatization
  • Trek high, sleep low
  • Have sufficient hot soup, tea and coffee
  • Wear warm clothes and wind proof jackets
  • Bring medications
  • Drink sufficient water
  • Eat garlic and ginger

As soon as you feel the high altitude sickness symptoms, get down and down. Ascending can be risky. In some trekking or in expedition trips, gamo bags are brought, which is very much effective to regain the respiratory. 

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