The Everest region is home to amazing
mountainous landscapes and sceneries. It provides trekkers with a wide variety of
trekking and climbing destinations. This region lies in the Sagarmatha National Park.
Situated in the northeastern part of Nepal, covers an area of 1,148 sq km.
highest point in the world Mt.Everest (8848) makes this park world’s highest
elevated national park. Besides Everest, there are 7 more peaks higher than
7000m. Everest 8850, Lhotse 8516, Makalu 8481, Cho Oyu 8188, Ama Dablam
6812m, and Thamserku 6623 are among the
The Everest Region consists
of three major passes above 5000 m above sea level, namely Kong Ma La 5535m,
Cho La 5420m, and Renjo La 5345m. Except for these passes, there are several points
that are higher than the 5000 mark, among which Kalapathhar is the highest
with an elevation of 5550m. Besides, the glaciers and the glacial lakes make
this region even more tempting.
The longest Himalayan glacier Ngozumpa and the
Khumbu glacier are the major glaciers in this region. The park comprises mountains, glaciers, deep valleys, river basins, and lakes. Apart from the
natural heritage, the cultural heritage of the Everest region is well intact. Most
of the people being Buddhists, have preserved and continued their traditions.
There are abundant numbers of monasteries, stupas, and Chhortens all around the
region. Mani walls and prayer flags are a frequent sight around the Sagarmatha National Park.
Sagarmatha in the Nepali dialect means the
forehead of the sky. It was established as a National park in 1976 and in 1979
listed as a World Heritage site by UNESCO. The elevation of this region does
allow only selective vegetations to grow. Juniper, rhododendron, and pine are among
the major ones.
This Park is home to some endangered species like the snow leopard
and the red panda. Musk deer, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan Thar, langur
monkeys, and other animals are found in this park. Birds like Himalayan Monal and blood pheasant are among the important birds found in this area. Among them, the
blood pheasant is the most significant as these birds will be encountered by everyone
visiting this National Park Tourism in this region began in the 1960s, and
currently this region is among the most visited tourist destinations in Nepal.
Peak climbing or Mountaineering. For the fact that the world’s highest peak lies in this region, there
are about 350 permits issued per year for climbing Everest only. Apart from Everest, there are hundreds of mountain peaks to choose from. This includes
peaks ranging from above eight thousand to other smaller mountain peaks such as
Island Peak, Amadablam, Thamserku, and other peaks. Everest region is also
famous for smaller trekking peaks, which cost a lot less as the royalty for
climbing these peaks is as low as trekking fees. This region is an ideal place
for climbers, from novices to experts.
is another major activity to undertake in this region. This region provides
various options for breathtaking trekking routes. The high-altitude rough
terrain makes this region a true hiking paradise. No matter which corner of this National Park
you are, from every corner the majestic views of the snowcapped mountain peaks
are certain. Mostly during the high season which is during Spring and Autumn,
the weather is clear and sunny.
of which the most famous routes are the Everest Base Camp (EBC ), The Everest Three Passes Trek, and Base Camp Via Gokyo
Everest Base Camp or the EBC is the most favored trek in
this region. Some adventure seekers even have this trek on their bucket
list. This trek offers the experience of a lifetime in a minimum of 12 days. Those
who are not willing to spend more than 2 weeks of their time in this National
park opt to choose this trek. Another benefit of this trek is that it excludes
the difficult and high passes of the region. This allows people to reach the
Everest Base Camp with less chance of something going wrong. However, the highest
altitude in this trek is the Kalapatthar (5550m), and the base camp is
(5380m) above sea level.
Lakes is a major glacial lake system situated at
an elevation of 4800m above sea level. It is one of the 19 lakes in the
region which are formed due to the seepages of the glacier. To visit the entire
lakes one needs to extend the amount of time they want to spend in the
mountains. However, if we add 3 more days to the same itinerary of the EBC
trek, this lake can be explored. The lake is situated on the bank of the Ngozumpa
glacier i.e. the longest Himalayan glacier in the World. Hike to Gokyo Ri (5360m)
in the morning offers spectators a panoramic view of the Mahalangur
Passes Trek is another major trekking route in this
region. The name itself suggests the difficulty of this trek. This trek is
especially for hardcore hard witted trekkers. This route includes the three
major passes in this region namely Renjo La 5340, Cho La 5420, and the Kongma La
5535m. This circuit trek starts and ends as the other treks but needs to be
extended up to 19 to 21 days. This trek requires a certain level of dedication
and preparation. This trek covers all the aspects of the EBC and the Gokyo trek
with the addition of the two other high passes. This trek offers a view of
the different mountain ranges in the Sagarmatha National Park from all
The people and culture of the Everest region are important aspects to explore. Well, when people talk about the Everest region everyone talks about the Sherpa people. They
are among the majority of people residing in this region. However, there are
people from other ethnic communities, who are the backbone of the tourism industry
in the region. As most of the Sherpa people are well off from their businesses,
people of other communities, especially the Rai ethnic community are the ones
involved in the low-end jobs. However, in recent years, people of other
ethnic backgrounds have settled in the Everest region establishing lodges and
businesses to facilitate the tourists. Now, the situation is changing as the
Everest region is becoming home and job for people from all over Nepal.