NEPAL'S VARIOUS CULTURAL HERITAGES:
‘a country enriched with full of colorful festivals and diverse cultures’
Nepal’s various heritages of diverse cultures and its age-old tradition customs are interwoven to its main two religions Hinduism and Buddhism. A country enriched with colorful festivals and ancient heritage culture, from the low land of Terai to the high Himalayas’;
In Nepal wherever visitors travel will witness a wide range of inherited traditions, religious monuments, temples, monasteries, and culture. Besides, the range of contemporary activities of the modernization world, Nepal retains its old-time glories preserving ancient cultural heritage.
For all Nepalese Heritage Culture is a tribal identity, the values, traditional custom, handed down by past generation to another. Various tribes of Nepal absorb a sense of heritage culture throughout their lives, observe and experience the daily traditional life. Nepal is a unique and very special destination, with religious and cultural harmony between various spiritual practices including Hindu and Buddhism.
Nepal is a country of more than 60 ethnic tribal groups with 70 native spoken languages within a population of about 27 million making the Himalayan country rich in distinct cultures, as the ancient traditions and religious practices are intact till this day.
Nepal’s various cultural heritages depend upon the areas from low Terai, the green hills to a high mountainous zone, where each series of country landscapes has a diverse climate, people, and cultures that Nepali people have adapted.
At present, the country has been divided into seven major zones, which include the warm low southern plains, extending to rolling mid-hills all the way to the high mountainous country of the Himalayas range, with various climates, vegetation, and people resulting in various diversities of food, culture, and farming including cattle live-stocks.
Major cities are mostly located from the low land of the Terai, mid-hills, and valleys. The Southern Terai belt runs from East to West, the most populated areas of Nepal with mainly Hindu religion. Practice their own heritage cultures linked with Hinduism, celebrating many festivals and religious rites, all year round.
The hilly areas with mixed tribes of both Hindu and Buddhism religions make the hill villages more interesting to experience. Whereas the higher regions around the mountainous region of the Himalayas, dominated by hardy highlanders of Tibetan origin with their own community cultures, interwoven with Himalayan Buddhism similar to their predecessors: the Tibetans, who migrated some past centuries ago.
THE LOW LAND TERAI BELT, CULTURE, and CUSTOMS:
The low and southern land of Nepal is known as the Terai belt of sub-tropical climate, which is close to the Indian border. Where most people are dominated by Indian origin Nepalese, mainly follows Hindu religion and cultures celebrating various colorful festivals.
Apart from a few hills tribes settled in Terai, the low land is populated by indigenous the Tharu and Dhimal tribes. The flat southern region Indian origin of Nepal and Terai are known as Madhesi people in the Nepalese language. The Terai extends from east to west of the country along the border of the Indian states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh. As well West Bengal around its east southern rim the Madhesi people make near 30 % of the country’s population.
The Terai culture and society are mainly based on agriculture farming, known as the breadbasket of the country. The Madhesh people also include Maithalis and Bhojpuri besides Tharu and Dhimal, having their own heritage cultures.
An ancient tribe of India, due to its close border with Nepal, Maithili is one of the largest Maithili linguistic groups. In the Province 02 of Nepal and the second-largest ethnolinguistic group in Province 01 eastern states of Nepal.
With a strong Hindu culture among the Bihari languages of Bhojpuri, Maithili, and Magahi. Maithili is rich with ancient culture as well its famed Maithili arts and paintings are renowned. The capital city of Province-2 Janakpur is famous for Janaki Temple and the birthplace of Sita the consort of Lord Rama.
The most famous festival of low land Terai displays its cultures and custom are Diwali (festival of lights). Chhath is an important festival observed in the Terai region and falls on the seventh day after Diwali. The wedding anniversary of Rama and Sita including Maghe Sankranti, especially for Tharu and Dhimal communities is celebrated with great reverence.