NEPALI NEW YEAR 2079 B.S.
Celebrating Nepali New Year 2079 B.S. for wide world people besides Nepali citizens might get surprised with a different year. Indeed it is certainly ahead of than Gregorian or Christian calendar by approximately 56 years and 8 months.
All countries in the world celebrate New Year on 1st January, while in Nepal celebration takes place in springtime. This falls during the mid-week of 14th April 2022, when the celebration takes place all around Nepal with a public holiday.
Nepal and Nepalese follow different years, starting from ancient times the Bikram Sambat for short known as BS. A great emperor Vikramaditya of Hindu origin established the calendar with lunar months and solar sidereal year. The Rana dynasty made the Bikram Sambat the official calendar of the country from 1901 AD or 1958 BS.
From then on the BS is used all over Nepal for Government official works, and in the educational field, schools and colleges. However Gregorian / Christian calendar is also used and popular among the tourism industry, to make it easy for international visitors.
Nepali New Year is celebrated with pomp and ceremony all around the country, where a great parade is held by the Nepalese Army to mark the glorious event in the heart of Kathmandu city. Similarly, the occasion takes place in every part of the district headquarters town and cities.
It is also the best season for trekking around Nepal's various Himalayan destinations, one of the best times to visit as the hills and valleys are alive with bright wildflowers in full bloom, especially the rhododendron of various species.
In the cities and main major towns and villages, people celebrate with all types of musical programs including live concerts with jubilant dances of all ethnic tribes from all parts of Nepal, lively merriment with parties.
Most people visit the temples and monasteries to get blessed for goodwill time all around the year. Nepal a land of many festivals bigger or smaller takes place in all seasons of the year. Where Nepali New Year is taken as an official celebration and exchanging good wishes among friends and families.
It is a great day to observe and to be part of the festival, with various celebrations activities with a famous popular band. Including musicians and singers participating on New Year's Eve, the party never stops till the next day.
All visitors are warmly welcomed with great traditional greetings, an enjoyable moment to experience on the auspicious New Year's Day.
The Nepali Calendar:
The Nepali Calendar at present from 14th April 2022 will start as 2079 B.S. It is called Bhitte Patro, which means walled calendar, where every Nepalese house hangs the calendar on the walls. With meaningful dates of religious and other important events and occasions, it also has horoscopes.
The Bikram Sambat as mentioned above originated by King Bikram and was widely used from the beginning of the last century. As per Gregorian / Christian calendar, in Nepal, all government offices, and the public are used to Bikram Sambat. Bikram Sambat is a tribute to King Bikram and Sambat means year, similar to AD or A.D.
It stands for Anno Domini and is a label for numbering years after Christ was born. The B.C. means Before Christ, and from the year Christ was born is considered AD 1. As well the year before that is labeled as 1 B.C.
The Bikram Sambat is similar to the Christian calendar with 12 months a year; the only difference is the year. The days of a month are with longest 32 days and short of 29 days.
Starting from the New Year month of Baisakh (mid-April), Jestha, Ashadh or Asar, Shrawan / Sawan, Bhadra / Bhadau. Extends to Asoj / Ashwin, Kartik, Mangsir, Poush, Magh, Falgun, and the last month of Chaitra or Chait. Most holy and religious events take place on the full moon, which is mentioned on the Nepali Calendar.
Various New Year for different tribal communities:
For Nepal with an area of 147, 181 sq. km with more than 23 million people. Includes 125 ethnic groups or more with 90 spoken languages, making the country steeped with various cultures.
A blend of both Hindu and Buddhism religions, festivals, and religious events are based on both lunar calendars. The local Nepali people of Kathmandu valley the main native Newar people have their own calendar called Nepal Sambat. The New Year of Nepal Sambat falls within the last day of Deepawali the festival of lights, and worship cows.
The Nepal Sambat lunar calendar is used for the celebration of festivals and observation of rituals. The adjoining cities of Kathmandu valley like Patan /Lalitpur Metropolitan City began ascribing Nepal Sambat dates.
Along with Bikram Sambat dates since the year 1141, that is from the middle of 2021 A.D. The Nepal Sambat is celebrated within the Newar community of Kathmandu valley, and around Nepal where Newar people are settled.
Like the Hindu calendar with Bikram Sambat year as B.S. The Tibetan Buddhism followers also have their own calendars. The New Year is called Lho-Sar, celebrated by all hill and mountain tribes of Tibetan and Mongol origin. The Tibetan Buddhism calendar is based on the cycle of animals and birds, like this year 2022.