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THE BIGGEST FESTIVAL IN NEPAL DASHAIN / DASHERA

About Dashain Festivals Of Nepal: ‘The festivals that unite all people of Nepal in merriments’


Dashain is also called Dashera, the biggest festival in Nepal for all Nepalese living all around the world. A festival full of rejoicing and happiness, meeting families, close relatives, and friends, and getting blessed by the elders.


The festival, although a religious event, at present is more of a national festival as a big celebration. Where families and relatives travel from far and wide to receive Tika and blessings from elders on the day of Dashain or Dashera.


The Dashain / Dashera is a celebration since ancient times when dates and years are not recorded in history. But it is known Dashain was celebrated all around the country, even in times when Nepal was not united.


This is the Time from Ghatasthapana onwards. The bright blue sky of autumn is filled with kites of all various colors. The festival is marked with firecrackers also, and the Dashain or Dashera event falls in the Autumn season according to the Hindu Lunar calendar.


The Autumn season is also known as the season of Nepalese Festivals like Dashain, Tihar, Chhat, and many other Hindu Festivals. During this season, travelers can have an excellent opportunity to explore Hindu cultures and traditions with the local people of Nepal.


Why Is Dashain Celebrated In Nepal?


Dashain is the biggest festival in Nepal. It is a significant occasion celebrated among families and close relatives. As well as having merriment gatherings with friends and neighbors.


The unification of Nepal in the 17th century by the great late King and conqueror Prithivi Shah brought more spirits and harmony among all Nepalese, and Dashain is also a victory over evils. Dashain / Dashera, the longest and most significant festival in Nepal, is an occasion for bringing close ones and relatives together. At these momentous events, young and old all in one family celebrate the important events.


A Hindu Goddess, Durga, and a ferocious warrior, created by all the principal Hindu gods. The evil demon was strong with a boon that could not be killed by a male. All the significant gods came up with a solution creating a woman warrior to fight and kill the demon. 


Since then, a female Goddess in the form of Durga, the warrior, fought and killed all the Demons. Then brought peace and harmony among the earthly people, getting blessed by Goddess Durga. From then on, the religious mythology of good over evil continued to this day, celebrated mainly by all Hindus. 


How Many Days Is Dashain Celebrated?


The Dashain / Dashera is celebrated for fifteen days till the dawn of Full Moon Purnima. Each day from the start of Dashain is marked with religious and traditional events which begin from the day of Ghatasthapana.


Ghatasthapana:


Ghatasthapana, the beginning of Dashain or Dashera. The public holiday is given to all institutions, schools, and collage from this day. All far away family and relatives make a plan for travel to their home town and villages.


Ghatasthapana is celebrated and marks the beginning of Dashain. On this day, people plant young nursery seeds like barley and maize for Jamara. These seeds are placed in a Nepalese plate called Tapari (made of Saal leaves) and it is kept in the dark corner of the house which is believed to turn out in yellow color. As well as placing a metal brass or silver small water pot on the household shrine, representing Goddess Durga. These rituals continue until the seventh day.


Phulpati Saptami:


The seventh day of Phulpati is an important day for celebrating the festival, traditionally, on this day, royal Kalash, jamara, and sugar cane are tied with red cloth, and Banana stalks are brought by Magar peoples from Gorkha to offer goddess Durga. People usually bathe with fresh water and don’t eat anything before worshipping goddess Durga. Every household people do worship themselves in their own home. Many Government officials gathered together on the Tundikhel Ground to witness the Event. Long Time ago, King used to observe the ceremony. After the Royal family was overthrown in 2008, the president took over the King’s social and religious role after the monarchy. 


It is the time of preparing for Dashain from the time of Phulpati onwards till the primary fourth day of Tika when all family members and relatives get ready for the last big day, traveling from far and wide across the country. 


The public and Government remain on holiday all around Nepal during these four main and significant events of Dashain.


Maha Ashtami :


The Eight Days Of Festivals Call Maha Asthami This Is the day when the most fierce of goddess Durga’s magnification the bloodthirsty kali. On this day, people are appeased through the sacrifice of Goat, Buffalo, Hen, and duck in temples throughout the nation.


This means worship of offering with flowers. On this day, domesticated animals and chickens are butchered, and the blood of the animals and chickens is presented to the shrine of Durga, the warrior Goddess.     


Maha Navami:


The Ninth Day Of Dashain is Called Maha Navami. This is the Last Day of the Navaratri ceremony, and rituals reach a peak on this day. Every people in their house worship and sacrifices animals to goddess Durga as well as official military rituals and sacrifices are held in one of the Hanuman dhoka, the Kot courtyard. On this occasion, the state officers sacrificed buffalo and goats under the gunfire.


On Mahanavami, Durga, the mother goddess Devi, is worshipped as it is believed that all the things which help us in making a living should be kept happy. Workers, craftsmen, farmers, and mechanics offer animals and fresh blood to their tools.


Vijaya Dashami, Tika:


The primary day of Vijaya Dashami is also called as Tika on the tenth day of Dashain or Dashera, a great occasion. To be on the Time of the significant and central day of Tika, bring all essential items. For the celebration, relatives and grown-up sons and daughters get new clothes for their parents.


As per the Time predicted by the priest for an auspicious blessing, all family members and relatives gather around. They wear new dresses and brings gifts to the older adult in the house. As per the ritual, the most senior members get blessed first, then followed by the younger ones. The Tika of uncooked rice is made into a paste with curd, where vermillion red color is added. 


Where an older person in the family blesses the young ones with Tika and Jamara, the young barley plant.

The older person of the family, along with blessing, offers cash to their sons, daughters, and family members until the fifteenth day of Purnima.


THE EVENT OF DASHERA IS THE BIGGEST FESTIVAL CELEBRATION:


The  festivals of Nepal Dashain takes place at the beginning of autumn from the end of September or the first week of October. The Hindu Nepalese calendar is called Bikram Sambat, 56 years ahead of the Gregorian calendar. The Nepalese calendar is the official Government calendar of Nepal and is followed throughout Nepal. However, the Gregorian calendar is also used for tourism and foreign events.

 

Dashain / Dashera will be a great time to be in Nepal, to observe the biggest festival in the country where one can keep the merriment of Nepalese, especially the children flying kites and enjoying the swings.


Towns and villages have community swings and smaller ferry wheels made for the festival occasion, they are bringing joy and fun to the kids as well as the older generation also. The swing also helps to digest the food from the big celebration after consuming many foods and visiting from one elder family house to another for blessing and having a good joyful time. On the Dashain / Dashera, gambling also marks the events. Like local dice games and playing cards among family, friends, and neighbors, they make the Dashain more special and memorable. 


Musical Program also takes place during the Dashain time, with cultural folk dancing and singing around the town and villages.


The whole event of Dashain / Dashera exchanging greetings among friends, relatives, and families getting blessed by the older person. The blessing from the most senior family member, followed by the next old members and all family circles. The festival ends on the last fifteenth day of a full moon, the Purnima. All Nepalese enjoy having merriment in pure spirits and a festive mood.


Best Wishes For Dashain Festival !!!

On This Biggest festival of Dashain, We wish you good health, prosperity, and successful life.

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