Weather, Seasons, and Best Time to Visit Nepal
The long Himalayan belt acts as a barrier for creating
the unique climate system in Nepal, as snowy mountainous terrain on the north,
chill green cover in the middle, and subtropical warm on the southern belt. The
weather pattern varies from place to place according to the altitude, however, the days are sunny and the skies are clear blue most of the time during the year. A
significant change in the weather pattern has been felt in recent years
confirming Climate Change.
Seasons in Nepal
Generally, seasons in Nepal are categorized into six
types, Spring(Basanta), Monsoon (Barkhaa), Summer(Grishma), Autumn(Hemanta
and Sharad), and Winter(Sishir). The main reason for the distinctive categorization
is that there is a huge difference in climatic conditions due to the diverse
Spring (Basanta) Season: Generally
falling in the month of Mid-March to Mid-May, it is the time when the New Year
begins according to the Hindu Lunar calendar. This is by far the most favorable
time to visit Nepal for all sorts of travel and trekking trips. The days are
clear and sunny, whereas the nights are calm and pleasant. The temperature
range varies from 25 degrees to – 15 degrees depending on the elevation. The
weather is pleasant along with wildflowers like Magnolia and Rhododendron
blooming, enhancing the travel experience with mesmerizing views of snow-covered
mountains. This time is the best time for the activities like peak climbing and
mountaineering expeditions are popular.
Summer (Grishma) Season: From
Mid-May to Mid-July is summer, the hottest time of the year making it a little
bit harsher. During this time, the temperatures can reach up to 35-40 degrees centigrade
in the lower regions however the higher regions are much cooler. This time is
also favorable for visiting Nepal, taking a tour, or a trekking trip. Northern
regions like Humla, Mustang, and Dolpa are quite popular destinations during
this time of the year.
Monsoon (Barkhaa) Season: After
the warm summer months ends from Mid-July to Mid-September, the precipitation
from the Indian Ocean creates the weather for downpour causing skies to be
covered constantly in the thick dark clouds. Most parts of the country receive a significant amount of rainfall, while Pokhara and Illam are the rainiest
places. During this time, the rain shadow area of Upper Mustang and Nar-Phu
valley are favorable travel destinations and are quite popular.
Early Autumn(Sharad) Season: The
season of early Autumn(Mid-September to Mid-November) is also called the season
of harvest and festivals. Most of the major festivals like Dashain and Tihar fall
during this time, with pleasant and clear days and nights. It can also be
called the second spring season, as various species of flowers bloom during
this time and is identical to the Spring season. It is probably the second-best
time to visit Nepal; however, the nights are much colder. Almost every trekking
and travel trips are popular during this time.
Late Autumn (Hemanta) Season: The
latter part of the Autumn (Mid-November to Mid-January), is the time for the
pre-winter when there is a gradual decrease in temperature. It is the windiest
time of the year, with a chance of scattered hailstorms around the country. However,
traveling to Nepal during this time is also a wonderful experience as the
majority of the days are sunny and nights are clearer offering the best view of
mountains and night skies. Ghorepani Poonhill and Langtang Valley treks are among the most popular trekking destination during this time.
Winter (Sishir) Season: During
the time of Mid-January to Mid-March, is the coldest time of the year with heavy
snowfall above 2500 meters of elevation. The lower regions however are humid
and chill, with the chances of cold waves in the Terai region. Although cold,
visiting Nepal is not obstructed by this type of weather for trekking and
tours. Places like Annapurna Base Camp and Mustang region are evolving as
Skiing and Snowboarding activities destinations, whereas Gokyo lakes for ice
Effects of Climate Change in the Weather:
Nepal is not an industrial country and has been
determined to preserve the green cover percentage, in order to cut out the
carbon footprint. However, the effects of climate change can be clearly
noticed in the recent decade. The quality of the air has also been altered, as
the level of pollution is at the maximum in the major cities. Below listed are
the major significant effects of climate change.
The snow and glaciers are melting rapidly,
degrading the beauty of the Snowy Mountains.
Higher chances of glacial outbursts, flash
floods, and landslides.
Severe Heat waves during summer and
cold waves during winter.
Unpredictable rainfall during the
General shift in the times where each
season sued to fall.
Migration of native species of
wildlife and chances of some of the endangered species to go extinct.
Even with all
these climatic alterations and instability in the weather patterns, Nepal is
favorable for traveling throughout the year around. Each season offers a
unique face of this culturally and naturally diverse travel destination. In
general, categorizing the best time to visit Nepal is not necessary while one
can visit Nepal during any time of the year and still return home satisfied
with the holiday vacation in the Himalayan country.
If you would like to know more about Nepal and
traveling opportunities in Nepal, feel free to contact Vertex Holiday. We are
determined to provide an amazing travel experience in Nepal. For recommended
reading list, please check Equipment Checklist for trekking in Nepal.